What is fullerene?
Fullerene is a component of a carbon matrix whose molecular lattice is folded into a hollow sphere, and a flat graphite grid has the shape of hexagons, some of them are converted into pentagons. The carbon atoms that form the sphere are connected by a strong bond. Each carbon atom in the molecule C60 is located at the tops of two hexagons and one pentagon.
Externally, fullerene is a fine crystalline powder of black color, odorless. It is insoluble in water and polar solvents (acetone, ethanol), but it dissolves in benzene, toluene.
Why is fullerene unique? These components of the spherical shape seem to "roll" inside the compound, forming inside different atoms and molecules. This property allows scientists to work on creating unique materials of the future.
Fullerene can become the basis for the production of batteries. Their principle of operation will be similar to nickel batteries, widely used in our time, but efficiency will increase significantly. In addition, new batteries are much more beneficial in environmental and health safety. Fullerene batteries are planned to be used in computer and medical equipment.
The medical industry is also working on the introduction of fullerenes into various drugs. Scientists believe that due to the microscopic size and spherical shape, fullerene can become a barrier for the virus that attacks the cell of the body.
The unique fullerene gives hope and oncology as there is an idea of introducing into the fullerene particle radioactive isotopes with the subsequent introduction of such a drug directly onto the tumor cells, preventing the subsequent reproduction of cancer cells.
In cosmetics, fullerene is used right now - a line of cosmetics that use fullerene in the shungite allow you to deliver useful and nutrients to the cells of the body.
More than three thousand compounds have already been synthesized on the basis of fullerene, and the prospects for the introduction of molecules of matter in various industries are growing.