The skull as a symbol has spread in different cultures of the world, from the oldest to the modern subcultures. The symbolism associated with skulls is widely present, for example, in medieval Europe. In addition to the appearance on the canvases of famous artists and as a composite material of sculptures, skulls were used as bowls, as candlesticks and other objects. In the tantric directions of Hinduism and Buddhism, the skull was used as a material for making bowls or dishes that participated in sacred activities and esoteric services in honor of the gods.
In the Tibetan Book of the Dead, there is a mythological character of the Vajrayana in the image of the human skeleton of Hohim. In Tantric Buddhism, he embodies the state of the soul between death and rebirth. This is a person who has already disposed of the old dead body, but has not yet acquired a new one.
In the East, the skull was viewed as a reservoir of spirit, vital energy and intelligence.
Along with real human skulls, skulls made of various materials are also known. One of the most famous of these artifacts is the "Skull of Fate", carved from a monolithic piece of quartz. This 5-kilogram skull, made in full size, is stored in the New York Museum of American Indians. The skull was discovered by archaeologists-researchers of the deceased culture of the Maya Indians in 1927. The skull, repeating all the slightest anatomical details of the usual "original", was cut from nature from a single piece of quartz without the use of metal tools and ground with a mixture of fine silica sand with quartz dust. This work should have lasted no less than 300 years, which seems incredible! A strange find surprises scientists so much that hypotheses about the extraterrestrial origin of the "Skull of Fate" are put forward. One thing is certain, people obviously used this thing in their cults.
The cult of death among the people of Maya was widely known, and had its distribution in the cultures of the peoples inhabiting these lands later. Festivals of commemoration of the dead with painted skulls as souvenirs are nothing more than echoes of the ancient cult. People remember their departed loved ones, rejoicing in life, glorifying all that lives on Earth.